What is the F-gas Regulation Review and what key considerations should be taken into account to achieve the common goal in GHG emissions reduction?

According to its impact assessment, the current F-gas Regulation 517/2014 intends to reduce the EU’s F-gas emissions by two-thirds by 2030 compared with 2014 levels. The Commission must explore a 50 – 55% reduction target for total GHG emissions under the climate law proposal. If the two-thirds reduction is achieved for HFCs and if total GHG emissions are reduced by 40 – 55% by 2030 then HFC emissions would then contribute about 1.1 – 1.5% to the total.

The European Commission has stated that a recast of the F-gas Regulation is likely by end of 2021, in line with the climate law proposal, which requires the Commission to review, and where necessary propose to revise by June 2021, all relevant policy instruments to achieve the additional 2030 emission reductions.

The F-Gas Regulation Review Works! It is well designed and successfully driving change to lower GWP solutions

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Refining the implementation
of the current regulation

Areas where the current Regulation can be refined to improve implementation

To help combat illegal trade


To improve data reporting reliability


To support Enforcement


To improve the New Entrant Reserve process

How F-Gas Review relates to Climate Law and Green Deal

New technologies, sustainable solutions and disruptive innovation are critical to achieve the objectives of the European Green Deal

HFOs and HCFOs are a disruptive technology that bridges the historical divide between maximizing safety (achieved through the use of non-flammable, low order of toxicity, but high GWP HFCs) and minimizing GWP (achieved through the use of low GWP, but highly flammable hydrocarbons or toxic ammonia). The available HFOs and HCFOs have varied physical properties enabling the optimum choice to be selected for a diverse range of applications, something that cannot be achieved with CO2.

Mildly flammable A2L low GWP HFCs and HFC/HFO blend refrigerants provide a good balance of safety, environmental and technical properties. Lower GWP non-flammable HFC/HFO blends allow the replacement of high GWP HFCs.

EFCTC believes that lower GWP HFCs, HFC/HFO blends and HFOs have an important role to play in the longer term to deliver safe energy efficient applications with improved containment recovery and recycle. Read More 

News & Press Releases

01 February 2021Position Paper


EFCTC supports the objectives and structure of the F-gas Regulation. Since 2015, the European market has demonstrated that the structure of the F-gas Regulation works in its current format, as it prov...
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02 July 2020Press Release

EFCTC welcomes the publication of the combined evaluation roadmap/Inception Impact Assessment to revise the F-gas Regulation

EFCTC welcomes the publication on 30th June 2020 by the European Commission of the “Combined Evaluation Roadmap/Inception Impact Assessment” (Ref. Ares(2020)3402178 - 29/06/2020) to inform and ena...
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14 February 2020Position Paper

EFCTC welcomes continued Commission action to enforce the F-gas Regulation

 EFCTC welcomes the action by the European Commission to escalate the case against Romania for failing to adopt measures on penalties for breaches in the F-gas Regulation. “We are seeing signifi...
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Key Considerations


Good availability of HFCs for some important applications such as heat pumps

The amount of aerothermal, geothermal or hydrothermal energy captured by heat pumps is considered to be energy from renewable sources for the purposes of the renewable energy directive (RED). There is growth in heat pump installations, with extensive continuing HFC use according to BSRIA “80% of heat pumps sold in 2019 contained R-410A refrigerant with R-134a being the second most common”. It is expected that lower GWP HFCs, HFC/HFO blends and HFOs/HCFOs will be used more widely for heat pumps.

Availability and supply of high quality HFCs and HFC blends from legitimate well-established suppliers

HFCs, HFC/HFO blends and HFOs are supplied in approved tested containers appropriate for liquified compressed gases. The system of supply enables the containers to be returned to avoid emissions and ensure containers are tested as required. Suppliers also provide containers for the recovery of refrigerants from systems for return for reclaim or destruction. This well-established system underpins the whole of the HFCs and HFOs supply and return.  Providing supply and return routes for very small importers may also be a challenge.

Evidence shows that illegal imports may be of lower quality, contaminated with substances that degrade performance or safety, or may even be completely different substances. Illegal imports are widely shipped in disposable cylinders (DACS) that do not comply with ADR requirements, are banned by the F-Gas Regulation and are disposed without recovering residual HFCS leading to higher emissions.


Recycling and Reclamation of HFCs

Recycling of HFCs occurs locally and is undertaken by service and maintenance companies and is used in systems typically on the same site. Recycling is the reuse of a recovered fluorinated greenhouse gas following a basic cleaning process; contaminants are reduced through oil separation and filtration processes. Recycled refrigerant is not as pure as reclaimed refrigerant.

Reclamation reprocesses recovered HFCs in order to match the equivalent performance of a virgin substance, taking into account its intended use. During reclamation, filtering, drying, distillation, and chemical processes strip the refrigerant of impurities.  According to the EEA 2019 F-gas Reportin 2018, reclaimed HFCs now make up 9 % of the produced amount, or 3 % of the EU supply of virgin HFCs (or 13 % and 4 %, respectively, as CO2e).

Reclaimed HFCs are being used in new equipment. Reclaimed R-410A with the same quality as virgin refrigerant is being mixed with virgin R-410A for use in VRV air-conditioning systems. With a large potential of R-410A available in existing installations, re-use contributes to creating the circular economy and this approach can be used for other refrigerants in future. The demand of reclaimed R-404A is expected to increase as it can be widely used until 2030.


Montreal Protocol HFC Phase-down

In 2018, HFC consumption was already 46 % below the first limit for the EU under the Montreal Protocol Kigali Amendment (which was to be achieved in 2019). Measuring the progress of this phase-down relies on the metric of ‘consumption’, which is similar, but not identical, to ‘placing on the market’ (POM) used for the EU HFC phase-down. [EEA 2019 F-gas report].

What the F-Gas Regulation 517/2014 has achieved?

Uptake of new solutions

Increased use of low GWPHFCs, HFOs & HCFOs in more energy efficient equipment link to Transition to lower GWP refrigerants.

Lowering average GWP

Average GWP of HFCs/HFOs placed on themarket continues to fall and reduced emissions ofHFCs

Ensuring Availability

Availability and supply of high quality HFCs, HFC blends and HFOs from legitimate well-established suppliers including for key applications such as heatpumps.


Maintain high levels of availability of HFC/HFO/HCFO refrigerants with appropriate safety benefits.


Increased focus on recycle and reclaim of HFCs, with reclaimed HFCs being used in new equipment.


A high level of compliance by HFC quotaholders link to EEA 2019 F-gas report.

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